In this book, the theories of Marx, Weber, and Habermas are critically evaluated and tested against the cultural background of medieval Iranian and Islamic thought. In this context, Islam, Sufism, and Zoroastrian thought are compared and contrasted. These three discourses are among the most important contributors to the social and political milieu that has shaped the fate of the people in the Middle East, Central Asia, Asia Minor, the Indian Peninsula, and many other parts of the world for centuries. Each discourse is scrutinized with respect to a variety of issues such as the ethical and cognitive rationalization linguistification of the sacred theodicy flight from the world versus domination over it, etc. It is amazing to see how the trends of thought that belong to centuries ago determine the day-to-day life of the people in this region of the world today. Even more astonishing is the impact of these apparently abstract arguments on the actual political social and personal life of the people.
Paperback: 228 pages
Publisher: 1st Book Library (December 20, 2000)